daftar simbol bahaya pada limbah “FKPU”

Lima daftar bahan berbahaya :

  1. F-daftar (non-spesifik limbah sumber): Daftar ini mengidentifikasi limbah dari manufaktur dan proses industri, seperti pelarut yang telah digunakan untuk membersihkan atau degreasing. Karena proses memproduksi limbah ini terjadi di industri yang berbeda sektor, F-terdaftar limbah dikenal sebagai limbah dari sumber-sumber non-spesifik. (Non-spesifik yang berarti mereka tidak berasal dari satu industri tertentu atau satu industri tertentu atau manufaktur proses. Sebuah fasilitas kesehatan mungkin menghasilkan pelarut F-terdaftar seperti aseton, metanol, toluen, xylene, dan metilen klorida dari departemen seperti:
    a.  laboratorium patologi
    b. laboratorium histologi (xylene)
    c. farmasi
    d. kamar mayat
    e. toko pemeliharaan (gemuk)

 

  1.  K-daftar (sumber-spesifik limbah): Daftar ini mencakup limbah tertentu dari spesifik industri, seperti penyulingan minyak bumi atau manufaktur pestisida. Juga, beberapa lumpur dan air limbah dari proses pengolahan dan produksi di industri-industri tertentu adalah contoh sumber-spesifik limbah. K-daftar muncul dalam peraturan limbah berbahaya dalam bagian tersendiri.
  2. P-daftar dan U-daftar (produk kimia komersial): Daftar ini termasuk produk kimia komersial tertentu yang belum digunakan, tetapi yang akan (atau telah) dibuang. Bahan kimia industri, pestisida, dan obat-obatan adalah contoh dari komersial produk kimia yang muncul pada daftar ini dan menjadi limbah berbahaya saat dibuang. P-dan U-daftar muncul dalam peraturan limbah berbahaya dalam bagian tersendiri.

 

 

 

P-listed chemicals commonly found in healthcare facilities

Material

Code

Use

3-benzyl Chloride

P028

pharmaceutical manufacturing

Arsenic

P012

veterinary medicine, severe parasitic diseases

Arsenic Trioxide

P012

chemotherapy

Chloropropionitrile

P027

pharmaceutical synthesis

Cyanide Salts

P030

laboratory

Epinephrine1

P042

emergency allergy kits, certain types of glaucoma, eye surgery, cardiac arrest

Nicotine

P075

smoking cessation, nicotine patches, etc.

Nitroglycerin

P081

coronary vasodilator in angina treatment

Phentermine3

P046

appetite suppressant

Phenylmercuric acetate

P092

bactericide, pharmaceutic aid in contact lens solutions and nasal sprays

Physotigmine

P204

acholinergenics (liberates/acts like acetylcholine)

Physotigmine Salicylate

P188

acholinergenics (liberates/acts like acetylcholine) 

Potassium Silver Cyanide

P099

bactericide

Sodium Azide2

P105

chemical preservative in hospitals, laboratories

Strychnine

P108

veterinary tonic and stimulant

1 Does not include epinephrine salts.
2 Special note on sodium azide (P105):  Sodium azide, found in Enterococcus agars, is also used in detonators and other explosives.  An odorless white solid, it s a rapidly acting, potentially deadly chemical. It changes rapidly to a toxic gas with a pungent (sharp) odor when it is mixed with water or an acid, or when it comes into contact with certain metals (for example when it is poured into a drain pipe containing lead or copper). But the odor of the gas may not be sharp enough to give people sufficient warning of the danger. You should note that serious accidents have occurred in laboratory settings.  In one case, when sodium azide was poured into a drain, it exploded and the toxic gas was inhaled.
3See EPA 2/17/2012 memorandum that clarifies the scope of the hazardous waste listing.

U-listed chemicals commonly found in healthcare facilities

Material

Code

Use

Acetone

U002

solvent in pharmaceutical formulations

Acetyl Chloride

U006

cholesterol testing

Acrylonitrile

U009

pharmaceutical manufacturing

Aniline

U012

pharmaceutical manufacturing

Azaserine

U015

antifungal, antineoplastic

Benzidine dichloride

U243

pathology laboratory

Bromoform

U225

sedative, hypnotic, antitussive

Cacodylic Acid

U136

dermatologic

Carbon Tetrachloride

U211

anthelmintic, pharmaceutical formulations

Chloral Hydrate

U034

cough syrups, sleeping pills

Chlorambucil

U035

chemotherapy

Chlornaphazin

U026

antineoplastic

Chloroform

U044

anesthetic

Creosote

U051

antiseptic, expectorant

Cresols

U052

antiseptics, disinfectants

Cyclophosphamide

U058

chemotherapy

Daunomycin

U059

chemotherapy

o-Dichlorobenzene

U070

germicides, pharmaceutical manufacturing

m-Dichlorobenzene

U071

germicides, pharmaceutical manufacturing

p-Dichlorobenzene

U072

germicides, pharmaceutical manufacturing

Diethylstilbestrol

U089

anticancer agent, contraceptive

Ethyl Acetate

U112

drug flavoring agent, topical anesthetic

Ethyl Carbamate

U238

antineoplastic

Ethyl Ether

U117

disinfectant, anesthetic

Ethylene Oxide

U115

high level sterilant for surgical instruments

Formaldehyde

U122

antiseptic, disinfectant, preservative

Formic Acid

U123

diuretic, heart and muscle treatment

Hexachloroethane

U131

anthelmintic (anti-worm treatment)

Hexachlorophene

U132

skin treatment (pHisoHex’, Septisol’)

Hexachloropropene

U243

dialysis, pesticide (Septisol foam?) [note ref to Septisol as hexachlorophene -no hits on “hexachloropropene Septisol”]

Lindane

U129

scabicide

Melphalan

U150

chemotherapy

Maleic Anyhydride

U147

pharmaceutical manufacture

Mercury

U151

preservatives (thimerosal), antiseptics (mercurochrome), devices (thermometers, sphygmomanometers, others)

Methanol

U154

solvent in pharmaceutical manufacture

Methylpyrilene

U155

antihistamine

Methylthiouracil

U164

thyroid inhibitor

Mitomycin

U010

chemotherapy

Naphthalene

U165

antiseptic, anthelmintic

N-butyl alcohol

U031

bactericide, pharmaceutical manufacture, pain control, anti-hemorrhagic

P-Chloro-m-Cresol

U039

antiseptic

Paraldehyde

U182

sedative, hypnotic

Phenacetin

U187

analgesic, antipyretic

Phenol

U188

antiseptic, anesthetic, antipruritic (relieves itching)

Reserpine

U200

hypertension, insanity, snakebite, cholera, horse tranquilizer

Resorcinol

U201

acne, dandruff treatment, intermediate in pharmaceutical synthesis

Saccharin

U202

sugar substitute, food preparation

Selenium sulfide

U205

shampoos

Streptozotocin

U206

chemotherapy

Tetrachloroethylene

U210

anthelmintic

Uracil mustard

U237

chemotherapy

Thiram

U244

antiseptic

Trichloroethylene

U228

inhalation anesthetic, pharmaceutical manufacture

Warfarin < 0.3%

U248

anticoagulant

2-Chloroethyl Vinyl Ether

U042

anesthetics and sedatives manufacture

3-Methylchloranthrene

U157

cancer research

 

  1. M-terdaftar Limbah (dibuang mengandung merkuri produk): Daftar ini mencakup tertentu limbah diketahui mengandung merkuri, seperti lampu neon, switch merkuri dan produk rumah switch ini, dan merkuri yang mengandung hal baru.

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